After a pandemic pause, ICE resumes deportation arrests


By Miriam Jordan


For Alicia Flores Gonzalez, Aug. 4 began like any other day. She dropped off her little girl at day care and drove to work at a winery in the Sonoma Valley. But as she was parking her white Toyota Tacoma, she found herself surrounded by armed men. “What happened? What did I do?” Flores recalled asking them.


“Hands up! Turn around,” ordered one of the men, who shackled her and escorted her to a van.


Six agents from Immigration and Customs Enforcement in three unmarked vehicles had been deployed to arrest her. Within 24 hours, the 43-year-old single mother of four U.S.-born children had been deported to Mexico. She had lived without legal permission in the United States for 27 years.


Flores was seized during a new nationwide enforcement operation announced this month, the first large-scale arrests and deportations in the interior of the country since the coronavirus pandemic halted field operations for several months. Since mid-July, immigration agents have taken more than 2,000 people into custody from their homes, workplaces and other sites, including a post office, often after staking them out for days.


In Los Angeles, agents made 300 arrests. More than 1,000 others were rounded up in New York, Atlanta and Phoenix, as well as in cities in Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, Utah and Wyoming.


President Donald Trump has made curbing immigration a cornerstone of his agenda. He has blocked most asylum-seekers and refugees, built 300 miles of border wall and invoked the health crisis to seal the border to nonessential travelers.


During the Republican National Convention, he reiterated his pledge to clamp down on illegal immigration, and his reelection campaign has emphasized the restrictive immigration agenda that was central to his platform in 2016. A recent television ad airing in battleground states said former Vice President Joe Biden’s support for offering a path to citizenship to millions of immigrants unlawfully in the country would undermine Americans by creating more competition for jobs and more beneficiaries of welfare programs.


The United States is home to about 10.5 million people living in the country illegally. In a June survey by the nonpartisan Pew Research Center, 3 out of 4 adults said they favored a pathway to legal status for them.


Thirty-two percent of Trump supporters said immigrants strengthen society, up from 19% in 2016, according to a Pew survey of voters released Thursday. While the issue of immigration still appeals to Trump’s base, concerns about the economy and the coronavirus pandemic animate more voters, strategists say.


The wide-ranging immigration operation, which had been underway for weeks before it was publicly announced, was touted by officials as a mission designed to capture hardened criminals.


“The aliens targeted during this operation preyed on men, women and children in our communities, committing serious crimes and, at times, repeatedly hurting their victims,” said Tony Pham, the new interim director of ICE.


But analysis of the totality of the government’s own data shows that the administration is arresting large numbers of immigrants whose crimes are minor or who have not committed any crime at all. They are easier to locate and remove precisely because they are not trying to evade law enforcement, even if they have outstanding deportation orders.


Flores has no criminal record but had lost an appeal to stay in the country after she was ordered deported more than a decade ago. Like millions of immigrants who are quietly living and working in the country illegally, she had managed to avoid arrest, working in Northern California and seeing her children through school.


“My mom has always been a hardworking lady who just minds her business and takes care of my brothers and sister,” said her oldest child, Alex Salinas, 26, who lives in Healdsburg, California, with his three siblings. “I am shocked that this happened the way it did.”


In the 2019 fiscal year, federal agents arrested more than 143,000 people in the interior of the country. The most common convictions or criminal charges pending against them were for driving under the influence (74,000) and drug offenses (67,000). Only 1,900 had been charged or convicted of homicide.


Under the Trump administration, there has been a steady rise in immigrants detained without a serious record, according to the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse at Syracuse University, which has compiled data obtained through Freedom of Information Act requests.

TRAC found that a jump in the number of detained immigrants in 2019 was a direct result of arrests of people with no criminal records.


“ICE makes it sound like they are snatching wanted felons off the streets when it conducts these operations,” said Austin Kocher, a geographer at the university who analyzes immigration enforcement data.


“We don’t get a full picture,” he said. “They downplay the large numbers of people detained and deported who committed minor offenses, usually a long time ago, or who had no crime on record.”


The Obama administration set records for deportation, removing 409,849 people in the 2012 fiscal year, an all-time high, and 235,413 in the 2015 fiscal year. By comparison, the Trump administration deported 267,258 people in the 2019 fiscal year.


In its second term, the Obama administration put into place a policy of discretion that spared immigrants who were long-term residents of the United States, especially if they had American children and had not run afoul of the law, even if, like Flores, they had outstanding removal orders.


The impact of the pandemic on ICE’s ability to hold immigrants in detention could have played a role in the agency’s targeting of immigrants like Flores, who can be rapidly bused out of the country because she is Mexican.


In Northern California, where Flores was living, 47 immigrants living in the country illegally were apprehended during the recent operation, according to the regional ICE office. In a statement, a spokesman cited as examples a 34-year-old Mexican who had been convicted of committing battery against a former spouse and a 57-year-old Mexican who had been convicted of petty theft and inflicting corporal injury to his spouse. Both had been previously deported.


Katie Kavanagh, a lawyer with the Rapid Response Network of Northern California, which provides emergency legal assistance to people detained by ICE, said that in the span of five workdays in early August she handled the cases of four Mexicans arrested in California’s wine country.


“ICE was going after people who they quickly could deport,” said Kavanagh, who was contacted by Flores’ employer. “They were low-hanging fruit. They were the most legally vulnerable.”