Biden backs compromise to win a vast social agenda
By Michael D Shear, Emily Cochrane and Jim Tankersley
As he tries to steer his party toward a vast, once-in-a-generation investment in social programs, President Joe Biden is paring back his ambitions for clean energy, access to college and help for families.
The president proposed abandoning his signature campaign promise for two years of free community college, according to people who attended White House meetings with Democratic lawmakers and others who had been briefed on them. He conceded that negotiators would dump a clean electricity program spurned by Senate centrists. He raised the idea of limiting an extension of payments to families with children to one year. And he said the length of federal paid leave could shrink.
In response to opposition from Sen. Kyrsten Sinema, D-Ariz., Biden’s team is now also wrestling with how to pay for trillions of dollars in spending without relying on increases in the corporate or individual income tax rates.
Pursuing a legacy-making achievement, Biden has been a mediator, a listener and at times an exasperated negotiator, according to people familiar with the dozens of closed-door discussions, Zoom meetings and many late-night telephone calls with Democratic lawmakers.
For the president — the man in the middle — the goal is to find a way to reach a deal, even if that feels like betrayal and broken promises to some on both sides.
In meetings with progressives, he has coaxed them away from expansive programs with sky-high price tags. With moderates, he has acknowledged their concerns about an overreaching government even as he nudged them toward supporting trillions of dollars in new spending and tax cuts. And in public, he has pushed his original agenda while conceding it will be pared back.
Rep. Pramila Jayapal of Washington, the Democratic leader of House progressives, described the discussions as “conversational,” but said Biden was moving to bring the debate to an end.
“He is the closer, he is the convincer, the mediator in chief,” she said.
But mostly, he has been the compromiser.
Since taking office, Biden has pitched trillions of dollars in government spending designed to reshape the American middle class, expand free education, improve support for children and the elderly, and confront climate change.
But he suggested to lawmakers on Tuesday that the price tag for his agenda could drop by 50%, to $1.75 trillion. And speaking at the Electric City Trolley Museum in Scranton, Pennsylvania, on Wednesday afternoon, he tacitly acknowledged how far his ambitions have been scaled back.
“We’re going to make investments in education beyond high school that includes increasing Pell Grants,” he told the audience in the town where he grew up. He did not mention free community college.
After months of plodding discussions, there is a new sense of urgency and optimism at the White House and among Democrats on Capitol Hill. Drawing on decades of experience as a senator, Biden has maintained disciplined patience with members of his own party, according to people familiar with the talks. He has not expressed deeply held views on the details or drawn many red lines.
A final framework for the legislation has yet to emerge, even as discussions accelerate. But the negotiations over Biden’s social policy agenda, known as Build Back Better, are revealing him to be the flexible dealmaker that some hoped for — and others dreaded.
Reaching compromise, even on a pared-back version of Biden’s agenda, would dramatically increase the federal government’s spending on a wide array of social programs, helping families, college students, middle-class workers and others for decades.
Details of legislation that would spend roughly $2 trillion over 10 years remained in flux on Wednesday, as lawmakers huddled across Capitol Hill to iron out the details of the plan. An agreement on that bill could in turn bring progressives in the House to vote for a separate bill to invest in roads, bridges, broadband, water pipes and other physical infrastructure, which has already cleared the Senate with bipartisan support.
But compromise has its costs, especially for a politician eager to talk about revolutionary change, but perfectly willing to accept incremental progress.
For environmental activists, immigration advocates, proponents of expanded access to college and others, Biden’s search for middle ground is likely to mean giving up on some of the sweeping proposals they hoped would finally pass in a government controlled by Democrats. That has left many of them angry and frustrated.
Outside the White House on Wednesday, five young climate change activists began a hunger strike to protest what they described as Biden’s capitulation to demands to back away from ambitious clean energy plans.
“I think we all feel pretty desperate,” said Abby Leedy, 20, who had traveled from Philadelphia.
Biden’s top advisers are betting that the anger and frustration felt by those who do not get everything they want will quickly fade. Aides said they expect Democratic lawmakers — progressives and moderates alike — and activists to embrace the compromise legislation once it passes.
To that end, Biden has been acting as a cheerleader, a sounding board and, increasingly, a prod for holdout Democrats, spending hours in the Oval Office and its adjoining private dining room, meeting with key lawmakers and cajoling others on the phone.
In his meetings with lawmakers, Biden has stressed the political peril he and his party face if his agenda falls flat in Congress. He frequently extols the potential benefits to American workers and families, and opinion polls suggest strong nationwide popularity for his spending and tax plans. He has pushed for lawmakers’ support but not threatened to break off talks.
While talks remain ongoing in a bid to sway Sinema, who met privately with White House staff on Wednesday, Democrats are now eyeing another array of finance mechanisms, including increasing the Internal Revenue Service’s ability to collect unpaid taxes, taxing stock buybacks, imposing an income tax on billionaire wealth and increasing the global minimum tax rate as a way to pay for the package.
Democratic leaders met privately on Wednesday with the leaders of the tax-writing committees, Sen. Ron Wyden of Oregon and Rep. Richard Neal of Massachusetts, as well as White House staff.
During his visit to Scranton, Biden did not dwell on the size of the social legislation. And he insisted that once approved, the spending will help families raise and educate their children and keep the United States competitive.
“For too long, working people this nation, the middle class in this country, the backbone of the country have been dealt out,” he said. “It’s time to deal them back in.”