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  • Writer's pictureThe San Juan Daily Star

Dow has best daily gain for year; indexes up sharply for May

The Dow and S&P 500 ended higher on Friday and the Dow registered its biggest daily percentage gain since November 2023 as month-end repositioning drove a late sharp rally, with all three major indexes posting strong gains for May.


Almost all of the major S&P 500 sectors ended higher, with the energy sector up 2.5%. The technology sector closed slightly in the red.


“We definitely saw a spike in volume toward the end,” said Joe Saluzzi, co-founder and co-head of Equity Trading at Themis Trading in Chatham, New Jersey, noting it was probably related to month-end repositioning.


Volume on U.S. exchanges totaled 14.60 billion shares, compared with the 12.56 billion average for the full session over the last 20 trading days.


Settlement is the process of transferring securities or funds from one party to another after a trade has been agreed. It takes place after clearing and is handled by the Depository Trust Company, a subsidiary of DTCC.


Still, Stephane Ritz, a managing principal at consultancy Capco, said there were delays overnight in processing and preparing some trades for settlement at the National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC), a subsidiary of the DTCC. Ritz said that the issue had been addressed and orders had now caught up.


“There’s no true real impactful issue there ... they addressed the issue on a very timely fashion,” said Ritz.


DTCC did not immediately comment on the matter.


The shift to a faster settlement in the world’s largest financial market is aimed at making market infrastructure more resilient, but it has put investors and regulators on alert for increased trade failures and other hiccups.


Wall Street is undergoing its first big test on Wednesday, when trades executed last Friday, when T+2 was still in place, and trades from Tuesday, the first day of T+1, are being settled. This is expected to lead to a rise in volume.


Market participants expect to see an increase in trade failure as the industry adjusts to the faster settlement cycle. Research firm ValueExchange said on average market participants expect the fail rate to increase to 4.1% after T+1 implementation, from 2.9%.


The U.S. personal consumption expenditures (PCE) price index increased 0.3% last month, the Commerce Department’s Bureau of Economic Analysis reported, matching the unrevised gain in March. It also showed consumer spending slowed more than expected.


“People were pleased that it wasn’t hotly surprising but also underneath the surface, the consumer continues to show a little bit of strain,” said Carol Schleif, chief investment officer at the BMO family office in Minneapolis.


Traders of futures tied to the Fed policy rate added to bets of roughly even odds that the central bank will begin to cut rates in September and boosted the chances of a second rate cut in December to about the same probability.


On Friday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 574.84 points, or 1.51%, to 38,686.32. The S&P 500 gained 42.03 points, or 0.80%, at 5,277.51 and the Nasdaq Composite lost 2.06 points, or 0.01%, at 16,735.02.


For the month, the S&P 500 rose about 4.8%, the Nasdaq jumped 6.9% and the Dow climbed 2.4%.


Stocks were down for the week, however, with the S&P 500 and Nasdaq breaking five-week winning streaks. For the week, the S&P 500 fell about 0.5%, the Nasdaq declined 1.1% and the Dow fell 0.9%.


On Friday, shares of Dell fell 17.9% after it forecast current-quarter profit below market estimates and signaled that higher costs to build servers that meet heavy AI workloads would dent its annual margins.


Among gainers, Zscaler jumped 8.5% after the security solutions provider forecast fourth-quarter results above estimates.


Gap surged 28.6% after the apparel maker raised its annual sales forecast and its first-quarter results beat market expectations, in fresh signs that its turnaround strategy was starting to work.


Trump Media & Technology Group fell 5.3% after a New York jury convicted former President Donald Trump of falsifying documents to cover up a hush money payment to a porn star ahead of the 2016 elections.


Advancing issues outnumbered decliners by a 2.94-to-1 ratio on the NYSE and a 1.51-to-1 ratio on the Nasdaq.


The S&P 500 posted 19 new 52-week highs and six new lows while the Nasdaq Composite recorded 55 new highs and 100 new lows.

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