Haitians investigating president’s death, under threat, go into hiding
By Anatoly Kurmanaev
They examined the bodies of Haiti’s slain president and of the mercenaries who are accused of conspiring to kill him. Now they are in hiding, changing their location every few hours, with a backpack full of legal documents that could determine the fate of Haiti’s most important trial in decades.
A judge and two court clerks who collected evidence for the investigation into the killing of President Jovenel Moïse said in interviews and in formal complaints to the prosecutors’ office that unknown callers and visitors had pressured them to modify witnesses’ sworn statements. If they failed to comply, they were told, they could “expect a bullet in your head.”
Their requests for help from the authorities were ignored, said the clerks, Marcelin Valentin and Waky Philostène, and the justice of the peace, Carl Henry Destin, leaving their lives at risk.
The threats also further jeopardized an investigation that experts claim had been marred from the start by irregularities — and which many Haitians fear will not reveal the truth about the killing, despite vows by the country’s current leaders to enact swift justice.
“There are great interests at play that are not interested in solving this case,” Valentin said. “There’s no progress, no will to find the truth.”
During an interview at a safe house in Haiti, Valentin and Philostène described witnessing numerous procedural violations as they accompanied investigative judges to the president’s residence and to the homes of the suspects. The police moved the bodies of those suspected of being assailants, took away some of the evidence and denied them access to the crime scene for hours, they said, in violation of Haiti’s legal code.
More than three weeks after assailants stormed Moïse’s residence and shot him 12 times in his bedroom, Haitian investigators have detained or are seeking more than 50 suspects. But none of the 44 detained — including the 18 retired Colombian commandos accused of taking part in the assault on the presidential residence and the more than a dozen security officers entrusted with protecting Moïse — have been charged or brought to court.
Haitian law requires suspects to be charged within 48 hours or released, and lawyers representing some of the suspects said the delay could jeopardize the trial. Many of those detained have not been allowed legal counsel, and some have told legal representatives that they were beaten to extract confessions.
Hours after Moïse was killed July 7, the country’s caretaker prime minister, Claude Joseph, pledged to bring those responsible to justice.
“You may kill the president, but you cannot kill his dreams, you cannot kill his ideology and you cannot kill what he was fighting for,” Joseph said. “That’s why I’m determined to get justice for President Jovenel Moïse.”
Soon afterward, Joseph asked Interpol and security agencies from the United States and Colombia to send investigators to Haiti. Yet once there, some of them struggled to gain access to evidence and to the suspects, according to officials familiar with the investigation. They say this wasted an opportunity to advance the case at a crucial phase.
Also, none of the suspects detained or sought by the Haitian police appear to have the resources or the connections to organize and finance a plot that the Haitian and Colombian authorities say was hatched in Haiti and Florida and involved flying in two dozen highly trained former commandos from Colombia.
“What really interests me is that we catch the person who gave the order,” said Moïse’s wife, Martine, who was seriously wounded in the attack. “It’s about finding the people who paid the money.”
Valentin, one of the clerks, said that soon after witnessing the detained suspects’ initial interrogations and writing down their statements, he received a phone call from Moïse’s security chief, Jean Laguel Civil, asking him what they had said.
Later that day, he said, he was visited in his office by a man he did not know, who demanded that Valentin add the names of two prominent Haitians — Reginald Boulos, a businessman, and Youri Latortue, a politician — to the suspects’ statements, in effect implicating them in the plot.
After Valentin refused, he said, he began to receive death threats.
“Clerk, you can expect a bullet in your head,” read a text message received by Valentin on July 16, according to a copy of a formal complaint that he filed with the prosecutor’s office. “We ordered you to do something, and you’re doing jack all.”
Valentin and Philostène said their complaints about the threats were ignored. They said that the police chief and the justice minister promised them an armed escort but that it never came.
Destin, the investigative judge who visited the crime scene and examined the president’s body, said that he had also been pressured to modify sworn statements and that he had been threatened with death if he did not comply. He kept the interview short, he said, out of fear of speaking out.
The police chief, Léon Charles, did not respond to numerous requests for an interview.
Run-of-the-mill corruption also seems to have marred the investigation. Court documents show that two Colombian former soldiers killed after the assassination were found with about $42,000 in cash on or near their bodies. In subsequent police reports, the money is not listed among the evidence found at the scene.
Such apparent malfeasance, Valentin said, not only erodes public trust but, in this case, may have cost investigators the chance to trace the money through the bills’ serial numbers.
“This is an exceptional case,” he said. “But it is being conducted in the same system of impunity and corruption as all the others.”