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  • Writer's pictureThe San Juan Daily Star

Hiking has all the benefits of walking and more. Here’s how to get started.

People hike through a park in Marietta, Ga., May 19, 2023. Exploring the great outdoors offers a host of mental and physical benefits. But there are a few things you need to know first.

By Danielle Friedman

Hiking is hot right now. From 2018 to 2021, the number of Americans hitting the trails ballooned to 59 million from around 48 million, according to the nonprofit Outdoor Foundation.

For Alyson Chun, an outdoors guide and assistant director of adventure sports at Stanford, hiking offers freedom and perspective. She said it helped her reconnect with “the grandness of the world” whenever she felt bogged down by daily life.

But for those of us who haven’t spent serious time outdoors since summer camp, a half-day hike can feel daunting. What happens if you lose cell service? How can you avoid getting lost or injured? And do you really need special hiking shoes? We asked the experts for help.

The benefits of a hike

Hiking offers all the cardiovascular benefits of walking, but the uneven terrain does more to strengthen the leg and core muscles, which in turn boosts balance and stability, said Alicia Filley, a physical therapist outside Houston who helps train clients for outdoor excursions. It also generally burns more calories than walking.

These benefits multiply when trails increase in elevation. If you want to build upper-body strength, Filley said, you can wear a weighted backpack and use trekking poles.

Spending time in nature and having experiences that inspire awe can also lower stress and anxiety. One small 2015 study found that people who walked in nature for 90 minutes were less likely to negatively ruminate about themselves — a risk factor for depression — than those who walked in an urban environment.

The conversational pace of hiking also makes it an ideal form of group fitness, said Wesley Trimble, a spokesperson for American Hiking Society. Trimble, who has a mild form of cerebral palsy, hiked the 2,650-mile Pacific Crest Trail in 2014.

If you’re exploring a new trail or region, consider meeting up with a local hiking club to learn the lay of the land. Several groups for specific communities have flourished over the past few years, like Outdoor Afro, Latino Outdoors, Disabled Hikers and Hike It Baby, a group for parents of young children.

How to get started

Training for a hike If you’re relatively active, you’re probably already training just by going for walks. “It can be as simple as heading out the door and walking for 40 minutes to an hour and to build up strength and endurance,” said Lee Welton, a personal trainer in Idaho Falls, Idaho.

To train for steeper terrain, walk up hills, shift your treadmill to an incline or take the stairs. Welton also recommended simple leg-conditioning exercises before and between hikes, including calf raises, toe lifts, squats and single-leg exercises such as lunges.

Finding trails

Picking the right trail can mean the difference between a pleasant workout and a miserable slog.

AllTrails and Hiking Project are databases compiled by experts and regular hikers alike that color-coordinate trails based on difficulty. Apps like those also allow you to download or print trail maps, in case cell service is spotty.

When choosing a hike, note its average elevation gain per mile and use the maps and profile tool to see whether the uphills are gradual or more abrupt. “There might be a short, steep section of the trail, and the rest of it’s fairly easy to moderate,” Welton said.

A good starter hike might have between 100 and 300 feet of elevation gain per mile, he added. “Anything over 500 feet gain per mile is considered difficult.”

If you’re attempting something harder, look for a trail with multiple routes back, in case you need to scale back your plan. Read about the trail’s length and terrain to estimate how long it will take (or use an online calculator). Remember to add rest stops and consider how weather might be a factor.

Packing the right gear

The key to a relaxed hike is being as prepared as possible for the unknown, whether it’s a sudden downpour or a twisted ankle. Every hiker should bring the 10 essentials, which include food and drink, first aid supplies, a map and compass and rain gear — all inside a supportive backpack with thick shoulder straps and a waist belt.

But the most essential gear is footwear, Trimble said, because “your feet are literally your foundation.” You don’t need to invest in special hiking shoes, but you do need shoes that offer stability, protection and traction, especially if the trail is rocky, steep or muddy.

“Good shoes and hiking poles offer extra stability,” Filley said.

Staying safe

Hiking carries some risks, but a few simple precautions can help to ensure you get back safely. If you’re a new hiker, go with a friend or a local group until you’re more experienced, Trimble said.

Tell at least one person where you’ll be and check in afterward, Chun said. Leave a note on your car dashboard with your route so if you’re not back by sunset, rangers will know where to find you.

Finally, don’t push yourself too hard.

“Slow down, take in the scenery, listen to the birds,” Welton said. “Just be present in nature.”

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