In Australia, the lockdown that felt like it might last forever finally ended
By Yan Zhuang and Damien Cave
As if from hibernation, Australia’s second-largest city emerged from one of the world’s longest and most severe lockdowns Wednesday, feeling both traumatized and euphoric after weeks of shared sacrifice that brought a deadly second wave of the coronavirus to heel.
It took 111 days, but Melbourne and the surrounding state of Victoria recorded no new infections Monday, and Wednesday thousands of stores, cafes, restaurants and beauty salons opened their doors for the first time in months.
“That is an achievement that every single Victorian should be proud of,” said the state’s top official, Daniel Andrews.
The collective exit for a city of 5 million came suddenly and none too soon — Andrews had insisted on a very low threshold of cases before lifting the lockdown. It ended a dizzying and lonely experience that many in Melbourne described as an emotional roller coaster with effects on the economy, education and mental health that will linger.
The turnaround since July has been dramatic: Infections at the time were threatening to spiral out of control, hitting a peak of more than 700 a day. Schools, businesses and houses of worship closed. People could not travel more than 3 miles from home without a permit. They could go outside for only an hour (then two), and for weeks, they faced a nightly curfew.
Now, Victoria has subdued the virus while European countries that had similar caseloads a few months ago — and that ended their lockdowns after overcoming initial waves of infections — are struggling with an explosion of new cases. The hard-won success has allowed people in Melbourne to reenter their city, Australia’s capital of coffee and culture, even if they are unsure how tense or loose to be.
“Is there enormous relief? Absolutely, enormous celebration, yes,” said Dr. Stephen Duckett, the health program director for the Grattan Institute, a policy think tank based in Melbourne. “But none of us want to go through this again, so we also know we have to be cautious.”
The situation in Europe, where countries like France and Britain are recording tens of thousands of new cases a day, helped people in Victoria maintain their patience through the lockdown. The comparison, though, highlights very different political calculations, neither of which may be the ideal course.
Britain under its Conservative prime minister, Boris Johnson, may not have done enough in recent months as the virus gurgled along in the population. Andrews, a Labor Party leader running a state that veers left, may have gone further than needed with the curfew, restrictions on time outdoors and the 3-mile limit on travel.
“What gets me is that there seem to be two extremes; we keep everything locked down completely, or we don’t do anything,” said Dr. Peter Collignon, an infectious diseases expert at the Australian National University. “Both extremes are wrong.”
He added that Australia’s most populous state, New South Wales, along with Japan, Singapore and South Korea, had all maintained low levels of infection through the public’s compliance with common-sense measures, such as staying home when sick and minimizing group interactions indoors.
Shifting social norms, he added, matter most.
“The people have to be convinced,” he said.
In Victoria, whether convinced or not, they obeyed. Only a handful of small protests disrupted the lengthy lockdown. Although critics plastered Andrews with the nickname “Dictator Dan,” many others insisted that “Dan’s the man.”
A poll published earlier this week showed that 52% of Victorians approved of Andrews’ performance as premier.
“I think it’s hard to think of another community anywhere else — I think internationally as well — that’s been so stoically accepting of the very strict restrictions they faced,” said Paul Strangio, a professor of politics at Monash University in Melbourne. “They’ve made a decision, Victorians, that health had to be put first.”
Still, if there’s pride, there’s little hubris.
All over Melbourne on Wednesday, people crawled out of their homes to seek a version of the lives they had put on hold.
The early adopters appeared at midnight inside the handful of bars across the city that opened at the exact moment they could. At Cherry Bar, a hole-in-the-wall rock venue, 20 people (the legal limit for now) ordered drinks and swapped lockdown stories.
“It feels surreal,” said Ryan Gribble, 37, who was a regular patron before the pandemic. “It feels like the bar’s shut and only the regulars are left drinking — but it’s actually open.”
As the sun rose and Melbourne greeted its first day with the freedom to stretch a little, the city’s mood seemed to improve.
In most of the parks, people gathered in clusters, sharing picnics with friends they had not seen in person for months. Those not eating wore masks.
In Princess Park, Stephanie Trezise, 26, an immunology student, was busy sharing beer and cheese with four friends. She used to see them at lunch all the time. Wednesday was the first time they had all been back together since the lockdown began.
“A lot of us had major milestones in our studies — finishing a thesis, giving a final seminar, and we couldn’t celebrate until today,” she said.
Many others on the grass nearby expressed a similar urge. To catch up. To raise a glass.
“It’s so exciting,” said Maud Rowe, 35, who was sitting with a friend she had not seen in months. “I wanted to hug her, but we’re not allowed.”