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  • Writer's pictureThe San Juan Daily Star

Labor Dept. report shows all 2Q employment indicators up


By The Star Staff


The Industrial Composition by Municipality report for the second quarter of 2023 shows a significant increase in all indicators when compared with both the second quarter of the previous year and the first quarter of 2021, namely in total jobs, total wages paid, average salary per worker and number of establishments.


“When comparing the recently reported second quarter of 2023 with the first quarter of 2021, a substantial increase in the level of salaried employment is confirmed, at a rate of 83,838 jobs. This trend is consistent and validates the statistics we publish monthly in conjunction with the federal government,” Labor and Human Resources (DTRH) Secretary Gabriel Maldonado González said. “Likewise, there is a marked improvement in earned wages, average wages per worker and the number of employers reporting. This is not a coincidence, but is a direct consequence of the economic rebound that Puerto Rico is experiencing under the vision and leadership of Gov. Pedro R. Pierluisi, which is also reflected in the lowest unemployment rate in our history and the highest labor participation rate in over a decade.”


For the second quarter of 2023, the average employment in Puerto Rico was recorded at 931,718, which in turn is 22,639 additional jobs compared to those reported during the second quarter of 2022. The industries with the highest average employment were retail trade (130,191), public administration (122,005), and health and social care services (96,636). Those are followed by the accommodation and food service sectors (86,197), manufacturing (83,027), administrative services and solid waste (82,492), educational services (81,139), professional and technical services (40,015) and construction (34,592).


The 10 municipalities showing the highest average employment are grouped as follows: San Juan (253,019), Guaynabo (54,651), Bayamón (54,294), Carolina (48,843), Ponce (46,672), Caguas (44,239), Mayagüez (30,720), Arecibo (22,266), Aguadilla (18,618) and Humacao (16,988).


The report also indicates that during the second quarter of 2023, total wages paid by industries was $7,533,938,293, an increase of $486,211,387 when compared to the second quarter of 2022. The industries with the highest wage totals were: public administration ($1,061,688,249), manufacturing ($830,777,595), health and social care services ($788,762,743), retail ($780,565,096), educational services ($674,348,612), and professional and technical services ($509,512,268). The municipalities with the highest total salaries paid are: San Juan ($2,491,798,178), Guaynabo ($546,000,830), Bayamón ($408,379,529), Carolina ($364,596,568), Caguas ($335,406,507) and Ponce ($321,010,928).


The average salary per worker, meanwhile, reached $8,086 during the second quarter of 2023, which represents an additional $333 when compared to the same period of the previous year. The industries with the highest average salaries were: company and enterprise management ($14,253); professional and technical services ($12,733); finance and insurance ($12,705); electricity, water and gas ($11,966); wholesale trade ($11,181); information ($10,311); manufacturing ($10,006); transportation and storage ($9,722); and public administration ($8,702). As for the municipalities, the report details that the municipalities with the highest average quarterly salaries per worker were Juncos ($12,539), Guaynabo ($9,991), San Juan ($9,848), Cataño ($9,261) and Maunabo ($9,093).


As for the total number of establishments or units, the report highlighted a total of 52,729 for the second quarter of 2023, representing an increase of 3,382 units when compared to the previous year. The industries that reported the highest number of establishments were: retail trade (9,541), health and social care services (8,099), professional and technical services (6,206), lodging and food services (5,698), other services except public administration (3,769) and construction (2,774). The municipalities with the highest number of establishments are: San Juan (12,564), Bayamón (3,156), Guaynabo (2,715), Caguas (2,443), Ponce (2,410), Carolina (2,142) and Mayagüez (1,626).


The data in the report is obtained from quarterly reports submitted by employers covered under the Puerto Rico Employment Security Act. The report is prepared by the Quarterly Employment and Wage Census Program of the DTRH Statistics Bureau’s Division of Studies and Statistics.

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