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Navalny, being treated in Germany, looms over Russian politics


By Melissa Eddy and Andrew E. Kramer


Russia’s most prominent opposition figure, Alexei Navalny, arrived in Berlin for treatment Saturday after falling into a coma in Siberia in what his family and supporters suspect was a deliberate poisoning weeks before nationwide local elections.


Navalny was admitted to Charité, one of Germany’s leading medical research facilities, where he was undergoing extensive diagnostic tests, the hospital said after a plane transporting him from Russia touched down. He arrived more than 48 hours after he first lost consciousness, a delay his supporters bitterly criticized Russian officials for having caused.


“Patient stable, mission accomplished,” said Jaka Bizilj, who runs the Cinema for Peace, the foundation that organized the air transport at the urging of Navalny’s friends and family.


Navalny became violently ill Thursday shortly after a Moscow-bound flight he had boarded took off, forcing an emergency landing in the Siberian city of Omsk.


The sudden illness struck Navalny, who is the most persistent critic of President Vladimir Putin of Russia, just as popular uprisings have sprung up in Russia’s Far East and in neighboring Belarus — and only weeks before Russians vote in municipal elections Sept. 13.


How it will affect the political scene, analysts in Russia said, will hinge in part on Navalny’s longer-term condition and whether he will be able to return home.


“Sometimes, instances that are publicly perceived as political terror do demoralize the opposition,” Ekaterina Schulmann, a Moscow-based political analyst, said in an interview, “and at other times they motivate people to protest or, at the least, to vote in protest.”


If Navalny remains in Germany for a lengthy recovery, or indefinitely as a political exile, the Kremlin stands to benefit politically, she said.


“It is very useful to have an opposition figure in exile,” Schulmann said. “He can be cast in the state media as a person who fled Russia. They can present it as unpatriotic behavior.”


In the days before he fell ill, Navalny had been meeting with opposition candidates in Novosibirsk, Siberia’s largest city, promoting a strategy he called “smart voting” that encourages multiple, small opposition movements to back a single candidate on a local ballot.

The strategy seeks to chip away at the dominance of the pro-government party, United Russia, in city councils and regional parliaments.


Putin’s popularity has been in decline for the past two years as nationalist fervor over the annexation of Crimea from Ukraine has faded and as the economy has slumped under sanctions and then coronavirus lockdowns.


Upon landing in Berlin, Navalny’s plane was met by an ambulance that took him, under police escort, to the hospital where doctors began extensive testing to determine what may have caused the illness and how to treat it. Several police officers were stationed outside the hospital throughout the day.


The examinations, said Manuela Zingl, a spokeswoman for Charité, “will take some time.”


Navalny collapsed in agonizing pain Thursday shortly after takeoff on what was to have been a 2,000-mile flight to Moscow. His family suspects that poison may have been added to a cup of tea he drank in the airport before boarding that flight.


His evacuation came only after long hours of wrangling with Russian doctors and officials, who had insisted that a transfer to Germany would endanger Navalny’s health. But German doctors, who had arrived in Omsk on the air ambulance, were granted access to Navalny on Friday afternoon, and they stated unequivocally that it was safe for him to travel.


Navalny’s wife, Yulia, who had sent Putin a letter Friday requesting permission to evacuate her husband, was allowed to accompany him to Germany.


The Russian authorities said tests for toxins in Navalny’s blood were all negative, indicating they found no evidence he was poisoned. At a news conference Friday, Dr. Alexander Murakhovsky said Navalny had suffered an “imbalance in carbohydrates, that is, metabolic disorder,” possibly caused by low blood sugar.


Navalny’s wife and personal doctor quickly dismissed this account, saying the idea that an otherwise healthy 44-year-old would collapse and fall into a dayslong coma from low blood sugar was ridiculous.

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