Stocks slide as oil surge rattles inflation fears
Oil prices initially soared on Thursday as the Ukraine war sparked a run on commodities that raised fears of “stagflation,” while equity markets mostly fell as investors hope the Federal Reserve cautiously move to tighten monetary policy.
The fresh surge in energy prices heightened worries about the European economic outlook, leading the euro to slide to its lowest level in almost six years against Britain’s pound and pinning it near 21-month lows versus the dollar.
Brent crude futures , the international benchmark for oil, climbed to within 16 cents of $120 a barrel before falling on hopes the United States and Iran will agree soon to a nuclear deal that could add output to a badly undersupplied market.
The price of aluminum, copper and nickel spiked to fresh highs as the widening sanctions on Russia for its invasion of Ukraine threatened to further disrupt the flow of commodities from one of the world’s major producers.
The spike in commodity prices has raised concerns about potential stagflation, when rising inflation and stagnate output roils the economy and slams employment.
“Investors are more fearful of a Fed reaction to stagflation than stagflation itself,” said Kristina Hooper, chief global market strategist at Invesco.
“We will see a flash of stagflation,” she said. “But markets would be comfortable with that if they felt that the Fed would be comfortable with that.”
Markets are volatile leading investors to try to figure out a lot of moving parts “in one fell swoop,” said Jeff Mortimer, director of investment strategy at BNY Mellon Wealth Management.
“Markets are trying to recalibrate what the Fed will do and its views on inflation,” he said. “To us it’s how to get a handle on what’s inflation going to be six, nine, 12, 15 and 18 months from now. That is really the critical question.”
U.S. stock indexes initially rose, extending a rally on Wednesday after Powell pointed to a cautious tightening due to uncertainly driven by the Ukraine conflict.
But stocks later fell. Powell told a Senate committee in a second day of testimony before Congress that Russia’s war in Ukraine could hit the U.S. economy from higher prices to dampened spending and investment.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (.DJI) fell 0.17%, the S&P 500 (.SPX) lost 0.43% and the Nasdaq Composite (.IXIC) dropped 1.44%.
In Europe, the pan-regional STOXX 600 index (.STOXX) closed down 2.01%, while MSCI’s gauge of stocks across the globe (.MIWD00000PUS) shed 0.56%.
U.S. and German government bond yields retreated as investors eyed potential monetary tightening. Money markets in Europe are now pricing in a 95% chance of a 30 basis-point hike in interest rates from the European Central Bank by year-end.
The yield on 10-year Treasury notes fell 1.8 basis points to 1.847%.
Germany’s 10-year government bond yield, the benchmark of the bloc, rose 0.2 basis point (bps) to 0.039%.
Bond yields have whipsawed violently this week as investors try to gauge the sanctions imposed on Russia due to the Ukraine invasion against expectations central banks will need to raise rates to address stubbornly high inflation.
Everything from coal to natural gas and aluminium are surging as Western nations tighten sanctions on Russia following its invasion of Ukraine. Russia calls its actions a “special operation”