• The Star Staff

Texas winter storm: What to know

By Nicholas Bogel-Burroughs, Giulia McDonell Nieto Del Rio and Azi Paybarah

Texans were tossed from one crisis to another this week as frigid temperatures and winter weather battered the state and the surrounding region, leaving many people in dire situations and grasping for the most basic of needs.

By Saturday, although power had been restored to most people across the region, 69,000 people in Texas, 61,000 in Mississippi and tens of thousands more in Louisiana, Kentucky and West Virginia were still without electricity.

And water systems serving a majority of the state’s 254 counties continued to be disrupted, meaning millions of people remained without running water or under notices to boil their tap water, the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality said.

The scope of the disaster led President Joe Biden to sign a major disaster declaration, which would enable the government to provide more aid to Texas, before a potential visit to the state next week. In Austin, Gov. Greg Abbott also convened a meeting of legislators Saturday to discuss complaints about gigantic electric bills from some consumers.

“It is unacceptable for Texans who suffered through days in the freezing cold without electricity or heat to now be hit with skyrocketing energy costs,” Abbott said in a statement before the meeting.

Here’s what to know about the ongoing crisis.

Why did the power go out?

As many as 4 million people in Texas were without power this week during the peak of the electricity outages, and many also lost access to heat, a combination that led to dangerous conditions across much of the state. Even as power is restored, many Texans are still struggling with rolling outages.

The state’s power plants were not ready for the freezing conditions. Natural gas was hit hardest; production froze, as did pipelines that transport the gas. The problem worsened as people turned up the heat, further increasing the demand for natural gas and contributing to the shortages at power plants that use the gas to produce electricity. High gas prices made the problem even worse as operators who could not make a profit took their plants offline.

Coal and nuclear power plants were also disrupted, and wind turbines froze, but the disruption to natural gas was most crucial — and most severe. During the Texas blackouts, the state’s grid lost roughly five times as much power from natural gas as it did from wind. As demand hit a record high for winter, the grid operator instructed utilities to begin controlled power outages to avoid long-term damage.

At least 58 people have died in storm-battered areas.

The winter storm’s effects were most acute in Texas, but many states were hit hard, and the results were dire. At least 58 people have died in a storm-battered region that stretches to Ohio, and the final tally could be much higher.

Those who died succumbed to hypothermia, house fires, drownings and car crashes, or were found in homes or cars after being fatally poisoned by carbon monoxide, often emitted by vehicles or generators.

The water shortages, power outages and burst pipes also made it harder for hospitals to care for patients. One man died at a medical center in Abilene, Texas, when he was unable to get dialysis treatment, which requires large amounts of filtered water, as well as electricity and heat.

Why is the water dangerous in some places?

Burst pipes, frozen wells and water treatments knocked offline by the winter storm and power failures have led to a water crisis across much of Texas, where millions have no running water or are under orders to boil it before use.

Many people twisted sink handles and got nothing out of their faucets. Residents have been unable to bathe, wash their hands or use the toilet. In Harris County, which includes Houston, more than 1 million people either did not have water or were told to boil it first, and in Austin, the capital, residents were told to boil water because of a power failure at the city’s largest water-treatment facility.

Officials said restoring water service to hospitals was the first priority.

“We never imagined a day where hospitals wouldn’t have water,” Greg Meszaros, director of Austin Water, said this week.

People are also struggling to find food.

Without water and after days of power outages, many Texans have lost perishable food and are struggling to get more.

Many grocery stores have been picked clean or have been closed, and food banks are handing out food as quickly as they can.

More than 500 cars lined up Friday morning at the headquarters of the San Antonio Food Bank, which hoped to distribute 100,000 pounds of food and water over the weekend. At the site, volunteers and members of the Texas National Guard assessed pallets of bread, peanut butter, cakes, potatoes, onions, watermelon and other fresh produce, readying the food for residents hit hard by blackouts.

Are schools open?

The two largest public school districts in Texas will be closed for several days after the storm and the ensuing chaos, officials said, and several other school buildings have been damaged, delaying in-person and virtual classes.

The Houston Independent School District, the state’s largest, said it would be closed until Wednesday, when virtual learning will resume, followed by in-person learning on March 1.

Dallas Independent School District, the state’s second-largest, will also be closed Monday and Tuesday as crews clean up water damage and repair pipes, the district said.

Near Fort Worth, the Arlington Independent School District said 26 school campuses had been damaged, some of which were having flooding and boiler issues. But the superintendent vowed that remote classes would begin Wednesday as well.

“Mother Nature dealt us a hard blow,” Marcelo Cavazos, the superintendent, said in a statement. “We know our families and our teachers are facing many of the same challenges at their homes. We want everyone to take Monday and Tuesday of next week to focus on their needs.”

Many other schools suffered burst pipes, plasterboard erosion and water damage.

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