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  • Writer's pictureThe San Juan Daily Star

Afghan women who fought with US military seek legal immigration status

Former members of the Female Tactical Platoon in the Afghan military meet with Rep. Greg Stanton (D-Ariz.) on Capitol Hill in Washington, April 27, 2023.

By Luke Broadwater and Ava Sasani

Before her country and her life were suddenly and fundamentally changed in 2021, Mahnaz Akbari was the trailblazing commander of the Afghan National Army’s Female Tactical Platoon, an all-female squad that accompanied elite U.S. Special Operations troops as they carried out daring mountain missions, hunted Islamic State combatants and freed captives from Taliban jails.

Akbari, 37, and her soldiers did so at great personal risk. One woman was shot through the neck, suffering a fractured skull. Another was killed shortly before the fall of Kabul. And after the Taliban took over the country, many members of the platoon were forced to flee to the United States.

Now, Akbari and other members of the Female Tactical Platoon are embarking on another mission: working to convince Congress that their service in Afghanistan has earned them the right to stay in America permanently.

“Our missions were for big targets: a Taliban commander or a Daesh leader,” Akbari said, using another name for the Islamic State group during a recent interview at her apartment in Silver Spring, Maryland.

Late last week, Akbari and a group of other women from the Female Tactical Platoon met with lawmakers on Capitol Hill to try to revive stalled legislation to address their and other Afghans’ precarious immigration status. The soldiers are in the United States under a two-year humanitarian parole that is set to expire in August. That would end the women’s work permits, forcing their new employers to terminate their jobs and leaving them in a legal limbo.

The meetings Thursday ran the gamut from liberal to conservative lawmakers.

Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, who has backed hard-line immigration policies, left his encounter with the women sounding impressed and sympathetic.

“Brave Afghans risked their lives to keep American soldiers safe, and we have a responsibility to them,” Cruz said after the meeting.

That sentiment was echoed by Rep. Michael Waltz, R-Fla., who just endorsed former President Donald Trump for reelection but has been a champion of helping Afghan refugees who aided U.S. troops during the decadeslong war in Afghanistan.

“You’re all fellow soldiers; we all fought together,” Waltz, a former Green Beret, told the women at a meeting hosted by Rep. Seth Moulton, D-Mass., who served in the Marines. “What is ingrained in us and in every soldier is you never leave a fellow soldier behind — ever. So we’ll keep fighting for those who were left behind.”

Sen. Amy Klobuchar, D-Minn., said she was taking the lead on a revision of the Afghan Adjustment Act, which died in the last Congress for lack of Republican support.

That bill, which would have created a legal pathway for permanent residency for Afghans who had risked their lives to help Americans during the conflict in Afghanistan — as translators, drivers and fixers — stalled out amid Republican concerns about vetting. About 82,000 Afghans were evacuated to the United States after the fall of Kabul. Since then, most have been living in legal limbo, with no long-term authorization to remain.

The measure, which required additional security checks, was modeled off laws enacted after other humanitarian crises, like the Vietnam War. Similar statutes were also enacted after crises in Cuba, Nicaragua and Iraq.

It also would have created a pathway to permanent authorization for four specific groups: the Afghanistan National Army Special Operations Command, the Afghan air force, the Special Mission Wing of Afghanistan and the Female Tactical Teams of Afghanistan.

Klobuchar is working on an update of the bill with hopes of gaining enough allies on the right to pass the legislation. She said she had spoken several times with former President George W. Bush about his support of the effort.

“In the Senate we have growing Republican support,” Klobuchar said. “They can’t be in limbo for this long. Those women are part of tens of thousands of Afghans who stood with our country.”

Should the effort fall short, however, some proponents said Congress could consider a narrower bill that would help just the dozens of women in the special forces squad stay in the United States.

During a meeting with the women, Erin Chapman, senior counsel to Klobuchar, said the legislation already contained changes requested by Republican senators last Congress for “additional vetting” of the Afghans to be conducted by the Defense Department.

Mary Kolars, an Army captain who led the Cultural Support Team in Afghanistan and worked closely with the Afghan women, asked Chapman about safety concerns for the family members of the platoon, most of whom were left behind in Afghanistan.

“These women, their families are being targeted — their siblings, parents,” Kolars said.

As his meeting with the soldiers got underway Thursday, Rep. Greg Stanton, D-Ariz., was trying another tactic. Stanton had sent a letter to Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas asking him to personally ensure that members of the Female Tactical Platoon would have their asylum cases promptly adjudicated through U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.

Only three of nearly 45 female soldiers have thus far been granted asylum, Stanton said, and he raised concerns that they were being treated differently because of their gender.

“I am concerned that this group of courageous women is receiving disparate treatment from your department,” Stanton wrote to Mayorkas. “After all, many male Afghan soldiers, including pilots, have received their asylum within the 180-day time period.”

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