An outpouring of help for 4,000 floppy-eared survivors
By April Rubin and Jesús Jiménez
Hazel, a 6-year-old beagle, got scared her first night in a foster home when she played with a toy and it squeaked. She had never seen a stuffed animal or ball before. She was comfortable with water but afraid of the tub during her first bath.
Hazel is one of more than 400 beagles who were released from a breeding facility in Virginia last week. About 4,000 total are expected to be released to shelters, rescues, foster owners and adoptive families in the next two months.
The mass rescue comes after U.S. authorities filed a complaint in a federal court in May, after inspections of the Envigo breeding and research facility in Cumberland, Virginia, over the past two years revealed several violations of federal regulations. Officials found the beagles hungry, sick, mistreated and, in some cases, dead. Many of the animals in the breeding operation were expected to be used in research and testing. After the inspections and calls from lawmakers, a federal judge approved a plan this month to rescue the beagles. That mobilized several rescue organizations, dozens of volunteers and hundreds of would-be owners who wanted to help.
Hazel took her first walk Tuesday in the care of Nikki Bunce, who is a first-time foster owner for the dog and her five puppies in West Bend, Wisconsin. She said Hazel had warmed up to cuddling during movie nights.
“It’s just been so heartwarming to be able to be her first everything,” Bunce said.
Working to rescue, medically treat and relocate the dogs has been an enormous undertaking that has required the help of veterinarians, volunteers, drivers and dog lovers.
Envigo, a research organization that was acquired last year by Inotiv and works with the pharmaceutical and biotech industries, said on its website that it breeds “healthy, well-socialized animals.”
On July 21, the Humane Society of the United States took 201 beagles, among the first to leave Envigo, to a center in Maryland, and about 230 other dogs went directly to rescue partners. Workers in personal protective equipment carried the dogs off vans and inspected them before taking them into the rehabilitation center.
The dogs were previously identified using tattoos on the inside of their ears, which is how the breeding operation had tagged them. One puppy had the letters “ONE CJE” on the inside of its left ear. Their foster and adoptive families are now naming them beyond those codes for the first time.
Before the court intervened, some of the dogs had likely been destined to end up at testing facilities and die, said Kitty Block, CEO and president of the Humane Society.
“They deserve to be on couches, on dog walks with you in the park,” Block said.
Lindsay Hamrick, the Humane Society’s shelter outreach and engagement director, said pregnant dogs, nursing litters and dogs in need of medical care were prioritized for new homes. Those that have been rescued will undergo additional veterinary examinations and have paperwork prepared so they can be adopted across the country. The Humane Society said it planned to help rescue about 300 to 500 beagles weekly until they were all settled.
After a few weeks of a normal, healthy routine, most dogs adapt well to new homes, Hamrick said. But in some cases, dogs might need years to adjust to “normal life,” she said.
“Everything, from the way that grass feels to watching cars drive by, it’s all going to be a brand-new experience for them,” Hamrick said.
Of a group of 62 beagles in Wisconsin, the nine mothers, who grew into adulthood at the Envigo facility with little human interaction or play, have been shy, said Angela Speed, vice president of communications for the state’s Humane Society.
Two drivers transported the beagles in large cargo vans — nine moms and their 53 puppies — from Maryland to Wisconsin, where 15 staff members and volunteers in Milwaukee received them and prepared them to go to foster homes that night.
“Their lives have been completely transformed,” Speed said. “Animal lovers step up to help, and that’s what makes this possible.”
A separate effort in Massachusetts required two large vehicles, more than 20 hours on the road and three drivers who took 75 beagles to the Northeast Animal Shelter in Massachusetts, said Mike Keiley, the organization’s executive director. Of those, 20 went to the Dakin Humane Society in Springfield, Massachusetts, and the remaining 55 are in the care of the shelter.
Aside from natural disasters that have displaced some dogs, Keiley, who is also the director of adoption centers and programs for the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, said the rescue of the 4,000 beagles was the largest he had participated in or heard of. The shelter said 800 people reached out to inquire about adopting a member of this batch of puppies, all eight to 12 weeks old, or any additional ones they house in the future.
“You would expect them to be fearful of people, not trusting, and really traumatized,” Keiley said of the puppies. But that has not been the case. “I’m really impressed with how resilient animals are coming out of some of the worst situations you could imagine,” he said.
The beagles have to undergo medical care and vaccinations that are specific to each state. In Massachusetts, this includes a quarantine period, PPE for caretakers, vaccinations, microchipping, parasite treatment, and spaying or neutering, said Karina King, director of operations at the Dakin Humane Society.
So far, many of the society’s 20 beagles have diarrhea, and one will have an eye surgically removed, King said. The shelter will take care of many medical needs before the dogs are adopted, and any with persisting issues will go to foster homes until they can recover.